Answer: it was first used in 1803 in the case between Marbury Vs Madison.
Explanation: Judicial Review is the power the United States Supreme Court has to review laws and actions from Congress, and the President which helps to know whether such decisions or actions are constitutional. It adopts a check and balance system which the three arms of the federal government use to limit each other and ensure a balance of power. It was first used in 1803 in the case between
The executive branch is responsible for developing and implementing foreign policy. The National Security Council (NSC), the CIA, the Departments of State and Defense, are the main institutions for making policy.
What are the National Security Council (NSC), the CIA, the Departments of State and Defense?
The War Department, the Department of the Navy, and the U.S. Air Force were combined to become the Defense Department in 1949. The secretary of defense can have a significant impact on foreign policy. The president receives guidance on military planning and strategy from the Joint Chiefs of Staff, which consists of the four chiefs of staff of the armed services and a chairperson.
The president and vice president, the secretaries of state and defense, the director of the CIA, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (the armed services' leadership council), as well as about a dozen other government officials, make up the National Security Council (NSC), which is led by the national security advisor. The council is in charge of giving the president foreign policy advice. The NSC's function changes depending on the administration. Nixon, who was quite educated about international issues, depended heavily on the NSC. Indeed, Henry Kissinger, his national security adviser, was directly involved in establishing ties with the People's Republic of China and represented the US in talks to end the Vietnam War.
To know more about National Security Council (NSC), the CIA, the Departments of State and Defense check out:
The use of information to falsely accuse a company such as it occurred when XYZ ran a story that was not related to the restaurant they wanted to accuse is an example of False light (option D)
The false light is:
A grievance of the laws of the United States that refers to defamation.
They include a person's right to protection against false publicity to the public.
This right must be in balance with freedom of expression
According to the above, in the situation, the cable channel XYZ incurred false light because they showed a video of a restaurant chain different from the restaurant chain in which there was an outbreak of E. coli.
Therefore, the chain of restaurants in the video would be affected by defamation because it did not correspond to the case of the E. coli outbreak. So the correct answer is D. False light.
hope this helps!!! have a nice rest of your day :D
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