The "Columbian encounter" is called the event that occurred on October 12, 1492, when Christopher Columbus and a group of Spanish soldiers became the first European to set foot on the American continent. Thus, from this moment, which is considered as the discovery of America, the Spanish Empire and the remaining European powers (Portugal, France, Great Britain and the Netherlands mainly) began to establish colonies on the continent, starting the exploitation of their territories and natural resources. In the classic narrative of this event, the natives are called savages, as they supposedly were wild and violent, which is tendentious in that their behavior only responded to the violence with which the Europeans handled themselves during the conquest of their ancestral territories.
John Cabot, Amerigo Vespucci, and Vasco Nunez de Balboa all explored the area around the Atlantic to make maps of the world.
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