Kahn Company paid $240,000 to purchase a machine on January 1, Year 1. During Year 3, a technological breakthrough resulted in t
he development of a new machine that costs $300,000. The old machine costs $100,000 per year to operate, but the new machine could be operated for only $36,000 per year. The new machine, which will be available for delivery on January 1, year 3, has an expected useful life of four years. The old machine is more durable and is expected to have a remaining useful life of four years. The current market value of the old machine is $80,000. The expected salvage value of both machines is zero. Required:
Based on this information, recommend whether to replace the machine. Support your recommendation with appropriate computations.
Suppose a firm's CFO thinks that an externality is present in a project, but that it cannot be quantified with any precision ¾ estimates of its effect would really just be guesses. In this case, the externality should be ignored ¾ i.e., not considered at all ¾ because if it were considered it would make the analysis appear more precise than it really is. This is a false statement.