Pavlov used proved his theory of classical conditioning by studying salivation in dogs. He observed an unconditioned response, the salivation, that was a consequence of an unconditioned stimulus (the meat). Then, he paired the unconditioned response with a neutral stimulus (the sound of a bell), by giving the dog the meat after ringing the bell. He found that after being conditioned, the dog salivated every time he heard the bell ring, the salivation was now a conditioned response.
Apartheid (“apartness” in the language of Afrikaans) was a system of legislation that upheld segregationist policies against non-white citizens of South Africa. After the National Party gained power in South Africa in 1948, its all-white government immediately began enforcing existing policies of racial segregation. Under apartheid, nonwhite South Africans (a majority of the population) would be forced to live in separate areas from whites and use separate public facilities. Contact between the two groups would be limited. Despite strong and consistent opposition to apartheid within and outside of South Africa, its laws remained in effect for the better part of 50 years. In 1991, the government of President F.W. de Klerk began to repeal most of the legislation that provided the basis for apartheid. President de Klerk and activist Nelson Mandela would later win the Nobel Peace Prize for their work creating a new constitution for South Africa.
<u>Upwelling is the process in which the cold water beneath the surface of the ocean is pushed up and replaces the water on the surface. </u>
<u>Upwelling usually happens along the coasts of the continents </u>(such as west coasts of the northern hemisphere for the example - here, the northern winds are responsible),<u> like the edge od the Pacific ocean and Atlantic ocean, Western Africa, etc.</u>
One of the most substantial judgments of the psychoanalytic approach is that it puts considerably too much stress on childhood. Also, criticism has been proposed upon Freudian slips, assuming they do not originate from unconscious motivations, but moderately confusion in word retrieval from consciousness. Also, feud conception of suppression was reprimanded by a modern psychoanalyst who says suppression is the unusual phenomena and emotional repression and anxiety causes more real recognition of Event.