The correct option is C. through the characters’ appearance.
Note: This question is not complete as the options are omitted. The complete question is therefore provided before answering the question as follows:
How does indirect characterization take place in this excerpt from Gaston Leroux’s The Phantom of the Opera?
He found them both looking extremely worried. Their own friends did not recognize them: they had lost all their gaiety and spirits. They were seen crossing the stage with hanging heads, care-worn brows, pale cheeks, as though pursued by some abominable thought or prey to some persistent sport of fate.
A. through the characters’ speech
B. through the characters’ thoughts
C. through the characters’ appearance
D. through the characters’ actions
Explanation of the answer is now provided as followed:
Indirect characterization can be described as the practice of describing a character through that character's dialogue, actions, thoughts, speech, and appearance. This sort of characterization is used by authors to help readers come to their own judgments about a character.
In the excerpt, the words "hanging heads," "care-worn brows," and "pale cheeks" are used to describe the characters' appearance.
Therefore, the correct option is C. through the characters’ appearance.