**Answer:**

Part A

The most correct option is;

b. y = 128(0.989)x + 72

Part B

Ella can drink the tea after 7:22

**Step-by-step explanation:**

Here we have the temperature variation with time given in an exponential equation as follows;

Let the temperature at time x (in minutes) = y

Therefore, y = a × mˣ + b

Where:

b = Shift of the curve or the limit value of the decreasing exponential function as x → ∞

When y = 200, x = 0

Therefore. 200 = a × m⁰ + c = a + c

We note that c is the shift of the graph, the value upon which temperature increases = final temperature = 72°F

Hence a = 200 - 72 = 128°F

When y = 197, x = 2 minutes

Therefore, 197 = 128·m² + 72 =

m² = (197 - 72)/128 = 125/128

m = √(125/128) = 0.98821

Hence the exponential equation of cooling is presented in the following equation;

y = 128 × (0.98821)ˣ + 72

Therefore, the most correct option is b. y = 128(0.989)x + 72

Part B

When the temperature is 172°F we have;

172 = 128 × (0.989)ˣ + 72

∴ (0.989)ˣ = (172 - 72)/128 = 100/128 = 25/32

log(0.989)ˣ = log(25/32)

x·log(0.989) = log(25/32)

x = log(25/32)/log(0.989) = 22.32 minutes

Hence Ella can drink the tea after 7:22.