Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Ends the Mexican-American War
Santa Anna resigned, and the United States waited for a new government capable of negotiations to form. Finally, on Feb. 2, 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed, establishing the Rio Grande and not the Nueces River as the U.S.-Mexican border.
The Scopes Trial symbolized the cultural conflict between science and religion during the 1920's.
John T. Scopes was a substitute teacher who was arrested for teaching the theory of evolution to a group of students in Tennessee. This teaching broke a state law, as teachers were supposed to discuss creationism not evolution. Scopes was arrested and put on trial. This became a famous case, as it showed the differences between the science and religious communities. During this time, individuals who were not conformists or questioned authority were seen in a negative light. This was especially true for those trying to question religion, as many associated this quality with communism.