Economies of scale is described as the cost benefit or advantage which is experienced through the firm, when it rises the output level. Under economies of scale, the fixed costs did not vary or change with decreases or increases in the units of the production volume and the variable costs are dependent with rise in the output.
So, in this case, when the circumference is doubled of the oil pipeline, more than the volume doubles. This technique is selected through the large firms or business as it will result in the economies of scale.
Structural unemployment is a type of unemployment which is not caused by business cycles. frictional unemployment is necessary to keep economy dynamic.
Structural unemployment is that type of unemployment which is caused by factors other than business cycle. It is generally caused because of a mismatch between what firms want and what workers have to offer.
Frictional unemployment arises when workers have to shift from one job to another.
An economy is dynamic, so it keeps changing. New jobs are being created and old are destroyed. So, workers keep moving from one job to another.
Thus, we can say certain level of frictional unemployment is required to keep economy dynamic.
A place by which an average viewer is likely to be exposed
to an avant-garde cinema or at least its influence is in commercials. Commercials
are defined as something that is being showed or viewed in radio advertisement or
television by which it emphasizes a message that can be done through acting or
any sort of activity that promotes something.
Based on the information provided within the question in regards to the scenario at hand it can be said that Mrs. Jones is using Positive Reinforcement on Jon. This term refers to rewarding an individual when they perform a desired task or behavior in order to reinforce that behavior. Which is what Mrs. Jones is doing by giving Jon a reward every-time he turns in work exactly how Mrs. Jones wants it.