The fallacy is demonstrated as the error or flaw in reasoning that destructs the validity of a claim or argument. There are varied types of fallacies reflected in writing or employed by authors deliberately to create the desired effect(persuasion).
In the given statement, 'ad hominem' fallacy is exemplified as the original claim ('We need to take a strong stand against crime') is being avoided by proposing an attack on the character of the opposition ('our mayor is too busy tanning and going to concerts to address the problem'). Such fallacies are also described as the argumentative strategy in case of a lack of sufficient counterclaims. It intends to erode or undermine the validity of the actual claim. Thus, it exemplifies 'ad hominem' fallacy.
B. Show an example of the United States' indifference to the plight of the Jews
A part of the text clearly shows that Eliezer Wiesel is trying to show America's indifference to the plight of the Jews. He is not able to understand why and how it happened on the highest level in the greatest democracy and the most generous of all new nations
"A thousand people – In America, the great country, the greatest democracy, the most generous of all new nations in modern history. What happened? I don’t understand. Why the indifference….."
There is not mention of sending more troops, death of President Franklin, or any evidence or mention of 1000 Jews killed on St. Louis.
It suggests that the ancient Greeks firmly believed in Gods, that their wrath was expressed through nature and that the Gods did harm to humans through harsh storms that scared them to death and destroyed their possessions (In this passage, their ships). However, although their punishment was tough, it was not everlasting because following two days of destruction, the sky was not dark anymore, and "a third Dawn came with ringlets shining", which may suggest that they believed Gods were compassionate as well.