Answer: federalism enables the state and the national government to share power
In a federal state, there is a central federal government with its own set of laws that apply to the whole federation. All laws not regulated by the federal government can be created by local state government for their own states as long as they aren't against the laws established by the federal government. Each state has their own laws to suit their needs.
In the justice system, a bench trial can occur only when the defendant does not request a jury trial.
See the Explanation below.
<h3>What is a Bench trail?</h3>
Simply put, a bench trial can be defined as a situation in the justice system where the judge decides guilt or not guilt, however, the Jury Trial is when an array of other lawyers have to decide whether a person is guilty or not guilty.
In conclusion, for the judge to issue a bench trial it has been stated that the defendant has not specifically requested a trial by the Jury