The correct answer would be, United States vs. Jones.
In United States vs. Jones, the US Supreme Court found that government had physically occupied private property via a GPS device over a prolonged period of time.
GPS stands for Global Position System. This is basically a navigation system, which keeps track of the device location and can monitor the movement of the thing on which the device is installed, like mobile phones, cars, bikes, etc.
United States vs. Jones was a landmark United States court case. According to this case, the GPS device which is installed on a vehicle basically constitutes a search under fourth amendment, as it tracks the movement of the vehicle.
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Extinction: In operant conditioning, extinction is described as a process of removing a particular reinforcement that maintains a behavior for a period.
In other words, it refers to a process of sloe or gradual weakening of a specific conditioned response resulting in disappearing or decreasing behavior. In short, the conditioned behavior declines after the removal of reinforcement.
According to the principles of operant conditioning, Lori's son decreased crying is due to extinction.
Andrea is being held in a psychiatric hospital after being found guilty of criminal behavior. she is in this facility instead of in jail because she has been found not guilty by reason of insanity or she has been found unable to participate in legal proceedings against her.
Criminal behavior research seeks to better understand offenders and provide answers to problems such as: who criminals are, why they commit crimes (in order to identify strategies for deterring criminal activity), how they think, and what they do (in order to predict their future actions and assist investigation in catching offenders).
Since there are so many various factors to consider in order to describe and fully comprehend the concept of Criminal behavior, it is frequently challenging to talk about.
What is Criminal behavior?
"When a motivation, a means, and an opportunity are present, a criminal conduct takes place. "Risk factors" or "criminogenic needs" are terms used to describe Criminal behavior that cause offenders to recidivate (National Institution of Corrections & Services). Understanding and learning about criminogenic demands is one technique to try to comprehend criminal behavior.
Learn more about Criminal behavior here
C. Lack of rain or disease could destroy a food supply.
When people first adopted agricultural lifestyle the main challenge they had was natural causes destroying the food supplies.
This is actually a problem that exists until today, as the climate or disease of the crops can severely affect the production. In the parts of the world with a huge industry, this can be prevented.
Yet, parts that don't incorporate much of the industry into agricultural processes, like it was in the ancient times, the floods, storms, blizzards, droughts, etc. affect food supplies a lot and propose a threat to the nourishment of the people.
<u>Back in the days, people had no means of fighting the diseases that would attack plants or oppose the weather conditions, so once a disease or disaster attacks the agricultural resources they would stay without a large part of the supply for the upcoming period. </u>