Rock pocket mice live in the deserts of the American southwest. Ancestral pocket mice all had light-colored coats that blended i
n with the region's rocks and sandy soil, keeping the mice hidden from predatory owls. About 1.7 million years ago, a series of
volcanic eruptions spewed out wide trails of black lava into the middle of rock pocket mouse territory. Currently there are two color
morphs of rock pocket mice: light-colored mice that are typically found in habitats with sandy soil, and dark-colored mice that are
typically found in habitats with dark-colored lava rocks.
Which of the following best justifies the claim that alleles that may be adaptive in one type of environment can be deleterious in
another because of different selective pressures?