A negative change for a student could be moving schools, meaning you lose your friends and have to adapt to a new daily routine. Another could be getting into an AP class, which could add stress in your life.
As a student, you encounter a lot of stress at study. Going for classes, work load of assignments, and lots more. But having no choice than to do those things make it look like it is a norm, so you acclamatise to the conditions of the stress. More so as an employee jumping from one place to another and multi-tasking simultaneously may be stressful. But you have to endure the stress to make ends meet.
I think one negative change for both student and employee is getting used to stress.
Representativeness heuristic: It is defined as evaluating similarity of different objects and arranging them on the basis of the category prototype, for example, the cause and effect should relate to each other. The computation of Representativeness heuristic is easy. This is a type of mental shortcut that makes decisions by evaluation of any specific information to the mental prototypes.
According to the biases and heuristics in decision making, it can be concluded that Hillary mirrors representativeness heuristic in this scenario in the question above.
This question is incomplete. I've found the complete question online. It is as follows:
Paul hypothesizes that individuals who eat breakfast are better at math than those who don't. After running his study, he includes only the results from participants who were in advanced math courses, even though overall, breakfast did not predict being better at math. What is this called?
A.The rationalization trap
B. Cherry-picking data
C. Post-hoc data
D. Cognitive dissonance
What Paul is doing is called B. cherry-picking data.
We can reach a conclusion by elimination.
The rationalizations trap consists of a series of justifications with the purpose of reducing dissonance, which can lead to an immoral behavior. This is unrelated to what was described in the instructions.
Cherry-picking data consist of ignoring a portion of data while focusing only on what particularly confirms what one is trying to prove. That is coherent with what Paul is doing. He chose to ignore the part of the study that focused on participants who were not in advanced math courses. He only included the results from those who were.
Post-hoc data consists of analyzing the results of a study that has already been concluded in order to find patterns that were not the initial purpose of that study. This is unrelated to the case in question.
Finally, cognitive dissonance is the discomfort people feel when their attitudes and their behaviors are not aligned. Again, this has no connection with the case.