Leini is working on building a bookshelf in her backyard when she gets a terrible itch on her back. She gripes about not being a
ble to reach it, and goes inside to look for a back-scratcher or a kitchen spoon. She could have just used the hammer she was holding in her hand, but she didn’t think of that. This is an example of________
Functional fixedness is a psychological concept when a person's ability to use a particular object to perform a task is restricted when that object is traditionally used for a specific kind of work.
For example a kitchen knife is used to cut vegetables and fruits in the kitchen. So a person with functional fixedness, will not use that knife for other purposes other than cutting vegetables in the kitchen.
It limits the use of a tool or object for a different purpose other than using it traditionally.
It originated in Gestalt psychology.
Thus the answer to the question is functional fixedness
<span>he history of South Africa is characterized by racial and political violence, territorial conflict, wars of conquest, and inter-ethnic rivalry. The aboriginal Khoi and San lived in the region for millennia. Most of the rest of the population trace their history to later immigration. Africans (also referred to as Bantu) in South Africa are descendants of migrants from central Africa, who first entered southern Africa about 2000 years ago. White South Africans are descendants of later European settlers, mainly from the Netherlands, Germany, France and Britain. The large population of Coloureds, as they were officially classified, are descended at least in part from all of these groups, as well as from slaves imported from Madagascar, East Africa and the then Dutch East Indies.
The discoveries of diamonds and gold in the 19th Century had a profound effect on the fortunes of the region, propelling it onto the world stage and introducing a shift away from an exclusively agrarian-based economy towards industrialization and the development of urban infrastructure. The discoveries also led to new conflicts including open warfare between the Boer settlers and imperial Britain.
South Africa was under an official system of racial segregation and white minority rule from 1948 known as Apartheid, until its first egalitarian elections on 27 April 1994, when the African National Congress came to power and dominated the politics of the country in alliance with the South African Communist Party and the Congress of South African Trade Unions.</span><span />