Incomplete question. However, I inferred you are referring to the prescriptive Period for violation of special laws as enshrined under Act. No. 3326 guiding the Philippines.
Note that the prescriptive period refers to a legal terminology that simply refers to the maximum period (time) after an event before legal proceedings may be initiated.
Here's a summary of the act;
Section 1. Violation of special laws should be:
"(a) after a year for offenses punished only by a fine or by imprisonment for not more than one month, or both;
(b) after four years for those punished by imprisonment for more than one month, but less than two years;
(c) after eight years for those punished by imprisonment for two years or more, but less than six years; and
(d) after twelve years for any other offense punished by imprisonment for six years or more, except the crime of treason, which shall prescribe after twenty years. Violations penalized by municipal ordinances shall prescribe after two months.
Section. 3 defines special laws as acts defining and penalizing violations of the law not included in the Penal Code.
Whenever criminologists are trying to determine causes of crime, part of that analysis examines the criminogenic needs of an offender. They often ask the question, 'If the offender had this (something the offender clearly needs and is lacking), would he have still committed this crime?' Criminogenic needs are characteristics, traits, problems, or issues of an individual that directly relate to the individual's likelihood to re-offend and commit another crime. These break down into two categories: static and dynamic. Static factors cannot be changed or addressed by any sort of program or therapy in the prevention of future crimes. Examples of static factors include age at the time of first arrest, criminal history, residing in a single-parent home, and so forth. Generally, these are structural elements of a person's life that personally led them to commit crime.
In contrast, dynamic factors could be lack of respect for authority, anti-social behavior, lack of literacy or job skills, or other expressed nonconformist behaviors, values, and attitudes that are correlated with criminal activity. These factors can be addressed by therapy, training, education, and/or targeted programming and subsequently altered to result in more law-abiding behavior. Criminogenic needs are assessed in both juvenile and adult offenders by correctional programming that occurs in jails, detention centers, correctional institutions, prisons, and community correctional settings such as halfway houses.
Now that we have a clearer idea of what criminogenic needs are, we can explore how these relate to risk factors. Risk factors tie into the dynamic factors we mentioned earlier. For instance, if an individual lacks literacy and is unable to complete a standard job application as a result, then he cannot obtain legitimate means of employment. This may lead him to resort to criminal activity to make money. His illiteracy is considered a risk factor and that specific skill, literacy, is the criminogenic need that must be fulfilled in order to reduce the risk of him returning to crime. Alternatively, if an individual has an anger management issue, the risk factor and providing the therapy to help the individual learn to control that anger is the criminogenic need. The need is what must be provided by some sort of correctional programming in order to reduce the risk of recidivism. The risk factor is generally determined as part of the initial assessment process as an offender is entering a correctional facility.
a. People have the right to know what information about them is stored and how it is being used.
b. Personal information collected for one purpose can be used for another purpose without the person's consent.
c. There must be no personal data record-keeping systems whose very existence is secret.
d. People have the right to correct errors in the information about them.
All of these are part of the guidelines that are included in the Code of Fair Information Practices.
The Code of Fair Information Practices was created by the HEW (Health, Education, Welfare) Advisory Committee on Automated Data Systems established in 1972. The principles stated in this code guide the behaviour of information technology. Their main purpose is to protect the user of such systems, while granting them control over their own information.