1.) Lactase is an example of ENZYME.
2.)An INHIBITOR is a molecule that can bind to an enzyme and prevent the enzyme from working.
3.)Enzymes speed up chemical reactions by lowering the ACTIVATION ENERGY,
4.) a molecule of SUBSTRATE binds to the enzyme and is broken down into one or more molecules of PRODUCT which are released.
5.) The specific location within an enzyme molecule where the substrate binds is called the ACTIVE SITE.
An enzyme is defined as the substances that aids in the breaking down of complex food substances, taken in by animals, into simple, soluble and diffusible substances before they can be absorbed into the body. In the enzymatic reactions, a molecule of SUBSTRATE binds to the ACTIVE SITE of an enzyme and is broken down into one or more molecules of PRODUCT which are released.
There are different types of enzymes which are named according to the type of good they digest, these include:
--> Lactase: breaks down Lactose
--> proteases: breaks down proteins
--> Amylases: breaks down carbohydrate
Enzymes have the following characteristics:
--> They are proteins
--> They are specific in action. For example Lactase can only act on lactose.
--> They can be inactivated by INHIBITORS.
--> They are sensitive to temperature
--> They speed up a reaction by lowering the ACTIVATION ENERGY