The Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act of 1930 raised tariffs on many imported goods, but then countries that traded with the United States raised their tariffs in retaliation leading to increased prices for US consumers. Tariffs can be useful economic tools that boost the sales of a domestic product, but if other countries start to retaliate it can backfire by raising prices and causing economic problems.
Sample Response: Tariffs can be useful to help boost the demand of domestically produced goods. In the short-term, this approach can be good for the nation implementing the tariff because it can improve its production. However, this tactic can negatively impact other countries as the demand for their exports decline, causing a decline in their GDP. As seen with the Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act, countries may retaliate with tariffs of their own, causing global economic issues.
Socialism involves an economic ideology in which the government or state plays a strong role in the economy and may own stakes in certain businesses
Socialism is an Economic system owned, managed & run by state (government). The central problems of economy : what, how, for whom to produce - are solved by state. State decisions are based on social welfare guidelines. Market forces are insignificant, private accumulation of property is not there.
However, in Capitalist system - resources are owned, managed, controlled by private sector. The central problems of economy are solved by private sector, as per market forces & profit maximisation guideline. Private accumulation of property is allowed. The system has two classes : Bourgeoisie (Capitalist wealthy entrepreneur class) & Proletariat (Labourers)
So, Socialism having everything under state control, has no classes -Bourgeoisie (entrepreneurs) & Proletariat (Labourers). Hence, it is a Classless Economic System