The Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act of 1930 raised tariffs on many imported goods, but then countries that traded with the United States raised their tariffs in retaliation leading to increased prices for US consumers. Tariffs can be useful economic tools that boost the sales of a domestic product, but if other countries start to retaliate it can backfire by raising prices and causing economic problems.
Sample Response: Tariffs can be useful to help boost the demand of domestically produced goods. In the short-term, this approach can be good for the nation implementing the tariff because it can improve its production. However, this tactic can negatively impact other countries as the demand for their exports decline, causing a decline in their GDP. As seen with the Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act, countries may retaliate with tariffs of their own, causing global economic issues.
Why does price discrimination improve the efficiency of the market compared to monopoly or monopolistic competition? P<span>erfect price discrimination allows us to be at a point where MC = D. Monopolistic competition equals demand for the product in the equation above. Because price discrimination relates to the price of an item changing based on the demand for it, it is ideal for demand to align with the market competition. </span>