**Answer:**

**a) **the rate of heat transfer from the pipe to the air is **23.866 watts**

**b) YES, ** the rate of heat transfer changes to **3518.61 watt**

**Explanation:**

Given that:

steam is saturated at 17.90 bar.

the pipe is stainless steel and has an outside diameter of 6.75 cm

length = 34.7 m

Air flows over the pipe at 7.6 m/s

Bulk fluid temperature of 27°C

we know that

hD/k = 0.028 (Re)^0.8 (Pr)^0.33

Outside diameter of pipe = 6.75 cm

length of the pipe = 34.7 m

velocity of air = 7.6 m/s

Cp of air = 1.005 kJ/Kgk

viscosity of air = 1.81 × 10⁻⁵ kg/(m.sec)

thermal conductivity of air = 2.624 × 10⁻⁵ kw/m.k

so as

hD/k = 0.028 (Re)^0.8 (Pr)^0.33

hD/k = 0.028 (Dvp / u)^0.8 (Cpu / k)^0.33

(h × 0.0675 / 2.624 × 10⁻⁵) = (0.028 ([0.0675 × 7.6 × 1.225] / [1.81 ×10⁻⁵])^0.8) (((1.005 × 1.81 × 10⁻⁵) / (2.624 × 10⁻⁵))^0.33))

h = 0.0414 w/m².k

**a)**

Now to find the rate of heat transfer Q

Q = hAΔT

Q = 0.0414 × (2π × 0.03375 × 34.7) × (105.383 - 27)

**Q = 23.866 watts**

therefore the rate of heat transfer from the pipe to the air is **23.866 watts**

**b) **

Now the flow direction changes to parallel flow, then

(h × 0.0675 / 2.624 × 10⁻⁵) = (0.028 ([34.7 × 7.6 × 1.225] / [1.81 ×10⁻⁵])^0.8) (((1.005 × 1.81 × 10⁻⁵) / (2.624 × 10⁻⁵))^0.33))

h = 6.1036 w/m².k

so from the steam table, saturated steam at 17.70 bar, temperature of steam will be 105.383°C

so to find the rate of heat transfer Q

Q = hAΔT

Q = 6.1036 × (2π × 0.03375 × 34.7) × (105.383 - 27)

**Q = 3518.61 watt**

Therefore the rate of heat transfer changes to **3518.61 watt**