A cart with an unknown mass is at rest on one side of a track. A student must find the mass of the cart by using Newton’s second
law. The student attaches a force probe to the cart and pulls it while keeping the force constant. A motion detector rests on the opposite end of the track to record the acceleration of the cart as it is pulled. The student uses the measured force and acceleration values and determines that the cart’s mass is 0.4kg . When placed on a balance, the cart’s mass is found to be 0.5kg . Which of the following could explain the difference in mass? Answer choices:
A) The track was not level and was tilted slightly downward.
B) The student did not pull the cart with a force parallel to the track.
C) The wheels contain bearings that were rough and caused a significant amount of friction.
D) The motion sensor setting was incorrect. The student set it up so that motion away from the sensor would be the negative direction.
Sound is produced when something vibrates. The vibrating body causes the medium (water, air, etc.) around it to vibrate. Vibrations in air are called traveling longitudinal waves, which we can hear. Sound waves consist of areas of high and low pressure called compressions and rarefactions, respectively.
No, you cannot hear any sounds in near-empty regions of space. Sound travels through the vibration of atoms and molecules in a medium (such as air or water). In space, where there is no air, sound has no way to travel.
Sound waves need to travel through a medium such as solids, liquids and gases. The sound waves move through each of these mediums by vibrating the molecules in the matter. The molecules in solids are packed very tightly. Liquids are not packed as tightly.
a wave vibrating at right angles to the direction of its propagation.
a wave vibrating in the direction of propagation.
People can hear sounds that range from about 20 to about 17,000 hertz. The word that musicians use for frequency is pitch. The shorter the wavelength, the higher the frequency, and the higher the pitch, of the sound. In other words, short waves sound high; long waves sound low.
t occurs because the frequency of the sound waves changes as the source of sound moves closer to or farther from the listener. The Doppler effect has several real-world applications. For example, besides police radar, the Doppler effect is used by meteorologists to track storms.
the quality of a sound governed by the rate of vibrations producing it; the degree of highness or lowness of a tone.
sound wave. ... The pattern of the disturbance creates outward movement in a wave pattern, like waves of seawater on the ocean. The wave carries the sound energy through the medium, usually in all directions and less intensely as it moves farther from the source.
The period of a wave is the time for a particle on a medium to make one complete vibrational cycle. Period, being a time, is measured in units of time such as seconds, hours, days or years. The period of orbit for the Earth around the Sun is approximately 365 days; it takes 365 days for the Earth to complete a cycle.