Except in extreme cases, the evaluation of success or failure is subjective because time and cost to complete the project are estimates.
Things can go "wrong" or "right" in someones mind even if the overall project is going smoothly. Since project completion times are typically estimates, success is going to be subjective. In designing a new product, until that project launches and is deemed a success or failure, it's hard to classify it.
Answer: The AIA® billing system is a standardized method of construction percentage of completion contract billing (IE: Progress Billing) developed by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) in 1992
If Reality, Inc. is a major producer of reality television shows and the company faces fierce competition from three other major producers of similar shows. If together, Reality, Inc. and its three rivals control almost all of reality television. Their market environment is called Oligopoly
Oligopoly can be defined as a market environment or structure where a small number of firms control the market; none of which can keep the others from having significant market share or influence.
It can also be said that Oligopoly is a collusion of a small number of firms, either explicitly or tacitly, to fix prices or control quantity supplied, in order to achieve above normal market returns.
From the question, we are informed that InSeason Inc. started a chain of organic supermarkets that had initial success and that the managers achieved a mastery of the firm's current environment, thereby filling a need in the market.
We are further told that InSeason defined and measured it success by financial metrics, with a focus on short-term performance and that as a result, the firm put in place metrics and systems to accommodate and manage increasing firm size due to continued success.
As a result of this tightly coupled system, InSeason developed a resistance to change. Resistance to change could be as a result of fear of failure by the company.