**Answer:**

p < α

0.01297 < 0.05

Since the p value is less than the α value therefore, we reject the null hypothesis so we have evidence to conclude that the die is biased.

**Explanation:**

H₀: The die is not biased

Ha: The die is biased

We can apply binomial distribution and determine whether the die is biased or not. (we can also perform z-test, it will provide similar results)

We know that a binomial distribution is given by

P(x; n, p) = nCx pˣ (1 - p)ⁿ⁻ˣ

Where p is the probability of success and 1 - p is the probability of failure, n is number of trials and x is the variable of interest.

For the given problem,

Total trials are n = 30

When you roll a die, there are total 6 possible outcomes,

The probability of getting the face containing two pips on each trial is

p = 1/6

p = 0.1667

The variable of interest is x = 10

P(10; 30, 0.1667) = ³⁰C₁₀*0.1667¹⁰*(1 - 0.1667)³⁰⁻¹⁰

P(10; 30, 0.1667) = (30045015)*(0.1667)¹⁰*(0.8333)²⁰

P(10; 30, 0.1667) = 0.01297

Assuming that the level of significance is α = 0.05 then

p < α

0.01297 < 0.05

Since the p value is less than the α value therefore, we reject the null hypothesis so we have evidence to conclude that the die is biased.