Answer:

A) W' = 15680 KW

B) W' = 17113.87 KW

Explanation:

We are given;

Temperature at state 1; T1 = 290 K

Temperature at state 3; T3 = 1100 K

Rate of heat transfer; Q_in = 35000 kJ/s = 35000 Kw

Pressure of air into compressor; P_c = 95 kPa

Pressure of air into turbine; P_t = 760 kPa

A) The power assuming constant specific heats at room temperature is gotten from;

W' = [1 - ((T4 - T1)/(T3 - T2))] × Q_in

Now, we don't have T4 and T2 but they can be gotten from;

T4 = [T3 × (r_p)^((1 - k)/k)]

T2 = [T1 × (r_p)^((k - 1)/k)]

r_p = P_t/P_c

r_p = 760/95

r_p = 8

Also,k which is specific heat capacity of air has a constant value of 1.4

Thus;

Plugging in the relevant values, we have;

T4 = [(1100 × (8^((1 - 1.4)/1.4)]

T4 = 607.25 K

T2 = [290 × (8^((1.4 - 1)/1.4)]

T2 = 525.32 K

Thus;

W' = [1 - ((607.25 - 290)/(1100 - 525.32))] × 35000

W' = 0.448 × 35000

W' = 15680 KW

B) The power accounting for the variation of specific heats with temperature is given by;

W' = [1 - ((h4 - h1)/(h3 - h2))] × Q_in

From the table attached, we have the following;

At temperature of 607.25 K and by interpolation; h4 = 614.64 KJ/K

At T3 = 1100 K, h3 = 1161.07 KJ/K

At T1 = 290 K, h1 = 290.16 KJ/K

At T2 = 525.32 K, and by interpolation, h2 = 526.12 KJ/K

Thus;

W' = [1 - ((614.64 - 290.16)/(1161.07 - 526.12))] × 35000

W' = 17113.87 KW