General Formulas and Concepts:
- Molarity = moles of solute / liters of solution
<u>Step 1: Define variables</u>
1.2 mol KCL
1.1 L of solution
M = unknown
<u>Step 2: Solve for Molarity</u>
- Substitute: M = 1.2 mol/1.1 L
- Evaluate: M = 1.09091
<u>Step 3: Check</u>
<em>We are given 2 sig figs. Follow sig fig rules.</em>
1.09091 M ≈ 1.1 M
The equation for the reaction is given below:
H2SO4 + 2KOH —> K2SO4 + 2H2O
From the equation above we obtained the following:
Mole of acid (nA) = 1
Mole of base (nB) = 2
The following data were obtained from the question:
Mb = 0.00945M
Va = 50mL
Ma = 1.23 × 10^−4M
Using MaVa / MbVb = nA/nB, we can calculate the volume of KOH as illustrated below:
MaVa / MbVb = nA/nB
(1.23 × 10^−4 x 50)/0.00945xVb = 1/2
Cross multiply to express in linear form
1.23 × 10^−4 x 50 x 2 = 0.00945xVb
Divide both side by 0.00945
Vb = (1.23 × 10^−4 x 50 x 2) /0.00945
Vb = 1.30mL
True amount of solid = 1.4g
Measured amount = 3.0g
Percentage error = ?
The inaccuracy in the reading is termed uncertainty.
This is the error.
Error = true value - measured value.
The values of errors are absolute.
Percentage error =
Percentage error = x 100 = 114.3%
This is large amount of error
Answer: cycloaddition of 1,3-butadiene and allyl anion is thermally allowed.
Using the frontier molecular orbital approach, we consider if the symmetry of the LUMO of the diene (1,3-cyclobutadiene) and the HOMO of the dienophile allyl anion), match each other since the diels alder reaction is a symmetry allowed process. The symmetries of these frontier molecular orbitals match each other hence the reaction is thermally allowed. It should be notes that 4+2 cycloadditions are thermally allowed although they are slow.
Answer is: iron.
Iron has good electrical conductivity, because metallic bonds.
1. Metallic bond is a type of chemical bond.
2. Metallic bond is formed between electrons and positively charged metal ions.
3. Metallic radius is defined as one-half of the distance between the two adjacent metal ions.
4. Metallic bond increace electrical and thermal conductivity.
5. Metals conduct heat, because when free moving electrons gain energy (heat) they vibrate more quickly and can move around.
Thermoset materials are found in the insulation of many electric cables.