Calcium has two electrons in its outermost shell. These are its valence electrons and are the ones used in bonding with other elements. Valence electrons of an atom are those electrons that are in its outer energy shell or that are available for bonding.
Calcium is a metal. When metals react with non-metals, electrons are transferred from the metal atoms to the non-metal atoms forming ions. The resulting compound is known as an ionic compound.
For example, when calcium metal reacts with chlorine gas, calcium gives up its two valence electrons and Chlorine accepts them resulting in a new substance called calcium chloride in which the two elements have ended up forming ionic bonds.
Answer:1)Once the wick is wet, hold the handle and whirl the psychrometer in the air. Whirling generates airflow around both the wet and dry bulbs. This action allows water in the saturated wick to evaporate, thereby reducing the temperature of the wet-bulb thermometer.
2)The rate of evaporation from the wet bandage on the bulb, and the temperature difference between the dry bulb and wet bulb, depends on the humidity of the air. The evaporation is reduced when the air contains more water vapor.