Sierra has a special kind of liquid rubber. She knows that ultraviolet light is absorbed by the rubber, X-ray light is transmitt
ed through the rubber, and blue light is reflected off the rubber. Sierra wonders if the liquid rubber will become solid if she shines the lights on it. Can light cause the rubber to become solid? Why or why not? Does it matter what type of light she shines on the rubber?
Use the periodic table to identify atom properties such as groups and electron configurations. Elements are organized by period and group, with the period corresponding to the principle energy level, and the group relating to the extent the subshells are filled.
The total pressure is 61.4 kPa, and the volume is 1.31 L.
Based on the given information, a gas mixture comprising 320 mg or 0.320 grams of CH4, 175 mg or 0.175 grams of Ar, and 225 or 0.225 grams of N. The number of moles of the gases presents within the mixture can be determined by using the formula,
Number of moles = Mass/ molecular mass
The molecular mass of methane is 16.04 grams per mole, the molecular mass of Argon is 40 grams per mole, and the molecular mass of Nitrogen is 28.02 grams per mole.
Now, the number of moles of CH4 is,
= 0.320 grams/ 16.04 grams per mole
= 0.0199 moles
The number of moles of Ar is,
= 0.175 grams/40 grams per mole
= 0.0044 moles
The number of moles of N2 is,
= 0.225 grams/28.02 grams per mole
= 0.0080 moles
The partial pressure of nitrogen given is 15.2 kPa or 0.15 atm. Thus, the partial pressure of other two gases will be,
CH4 = (15.2 kPa) (0.0199 moles)/(0.0080 moles)
= 37.8 kPa
Ar = (15.2 kPa) (0.0044 moles)/(0.0080 moles)
= 8.36 kPa
Therefore, the total pressure is 15.2 + 37.8 + 8.36 = 61.4 kPa or 0.606 atm
The total volume can be determined by using the formula,
V = nRT/P
Here n is the total number of moles of the gas, which is 0.0323 moles.
Now putting the values we get,
V = (0.0323 moles) (0.0826 atm*L/mol*K)(300 K)/(0.606 atm)