A student performs an experiment that involves the motion of a pendulum. The student attaches one end of a string to an object o
f mass M and secures the other end of the string so that the object is at rest as it hangs from the string. When the student raises the object to a height above its lowest point and releases it from rest, the object undergoes simple harmonic motion. As the student collects data about the time it takes for the pendulum to undergo one oscillation, the student observes that the time for one swing significantly changes after each oscillation. The student wants to conduct the experiment a second time. Which two of the following procedures should the student consider when conducting the second experiment?
The energy stored on a capacitor is of type potencial, therfore depends on the capacity to "store" energy. Inthe case of the capacitor, it stores charge (Q), and the equations you use to calculate it are:
In this case we know V and C, therefore we use the last expression:
Where I correspond to the initial position, with this it is an additive constant, we can make it zero with the placement of the reference system, in this case the system is placed on the floor where the ladder rests.
The power power for people on the floor is
U₀ = 0 J
The potential energy for the person on the first step is