Answer:

8264.15w, therefore the heat transfer increase because the characteristic length increased.

Explanation:

Please look at the attachments

**Answer:**

Yes, the flow is turbulent.

**Explanation:**

Reynolds number gives the nature of flow. If he Reynolds number is less than 2000 then the flow is laminar else turbulent.

**Given:
**

Diameter of pipe is 10mm.

Velocity of the pipe is 1m/s.

Temperature of water is 200°C.

The kinematic viscosity at temperature 200°C is m2/s.

**Calculation:
**

**Step1
**

Expression for Reynolds number is given as follows:

Here, v is velocity, is kinematic viscosity, d is diameter and Re is Reynolds number.

Substitute the values in the above equation as follows:

Re=64226.07579

Thus, the Reynolds number is 64226.07579. This is greater than 2000.

Hence, the given flow is turbulent flow.

Answer:

The fluid property responsible for the development of velocity boundary layer is majorly the fluid's viscosity.

For non-viscous fluids (in theory, because no fluid is entirely non-viscous), there will be no velocity boundary layer.

Explanation:

The velocity boundary layer is the thin layer of viscous fluid that is in direct contact with the pipe surface. The velocity of fluid in this layer is 0 as fluid doesn't move in this layer.

This phenomenon is due to the viscosity of the fluid. Viscosity of the fluid refers to the internal friction that exists between fluid layers, so, the layer of fluid in contact with non-moving, static surface of the pipe experiences friction that causes this layer to not move, causing the fluid velocity to vary from 0 at this surface to the maximum value at the centre of the pipe, before the velocity begins to drop again until it reaches 0 at the other end of the circular pipe.

Since viscosity is the primary cause of this, non-viscous or inviscid fluids are saved from this phenomenon as their flows do not have the velocity boundary layer.

Although, a completely non-viscous or inciscid fluid is an idealized concept because all fluids will experience some sort of viscosity (no matter how small) between their fluid layers. Hence, a velocity boundary layer, no matter how thin (or of minute thickness), will exist in the flow of real fluids.

But, an idealized non-viscous or inviscid fluid will not have a velocity boundary layer.

Hope this Helps!!!

**Answer:**

Engineers are the ones who create systems that protect and unite the people and the environment around them. Another important point of the role of an engineer is that they are educated to work with cost, time, and even the wellness of people throughout their constructions.

Hope this hrlps you.

**Answer:**

Exploratory research

**Explanation:**

This is research used to investigate a problem which is not clearly defined. It intended to establish priorities, develop operational solutions and then implementation. This research is conducted to have a better understanding of the existing problem and ensures that definite conclusions are drawn to solve the problem of declining sales. Capitol Brewing Inc.'s management should be ready to implement recommended solutions after the research.