Each machine preety much have the same type of concept. Let's take for example, a screw. What is a screw? A screw is simply a long/small little "stick" that is able to 'twurl' it's way inside a hole, and hold it's self tight, and also take it's self right back out.
Now, based on the other 5 machines, we can see that it would be very similar of the screw. There would be a in and out function, left to right function, up and down function, and a rounded function, such as a pulley. Those would be the advantages of these different types of machines.