The charge on a charged sphere is concentrated on its <u>center</u>
<u>Explanation : </u>
The charge on a charged sphere is just concentrated in the center of a shell. We can also say that that the charges are being distributed across the charged sphere. This is totally because of the absence of the electric field. In other words, we can say that, inside a conductor, the electric field is zero.
And that is why the charges are distributed across the surface. Due to the electrostatic forces inside the nucleus or the atom, the apparent forces get cancelled and thus the electric field becomes zero.
Multiplying the wave's frequency and wavelength together gives you the velocity. I hope you have a great rest of your day!
Δd = 7.22 10⁻² m
For this exercise we must use the dispersion relationship of a diffraction grating
d sin θ = m λ
let's use trigonometry
tan θ = y / L
how the angles are small
tant θ = sinθ /cos θ = sin θ
sin θ = y / L
d y / L = m λ
y = m λ L / d
let's use direct ruler rule to find the distance between two slits
If there are 500 lines in 1 me, what distance is there between two lines
d = 2/500
d = 0.004 me = 4 10⁻⁶ m
diffraction gratings are built so that most of the energy is in the first order of diffraction m = 1
let's calculate for each wavelength
λ = 656 nm = 656 10⁻⁹ m
d₁ = 1 656 10⁻⁹ 1.7 / 4 10⁻⁶
d₁ = 2.788 10⁻¹ m
λ = 486 nm = 486 10⁻⁹ m
d₂ = 1 486 10⁻⁹ 1.7 / 4 10⁻⁶
d₂ = 2.066 10⁻¹ m
the distance between the two lines is
Δd = d1 -d2
Δd = (2,788 - 2,066) 10⁻¹
Δd = 7.22 10⁻² m
density is the correct answer
The sound barrier is defined as a <u><em>"barrier"</em></u> that travels in all directions (because we are talking about sound waves) at the typical speed of sound in the air (1235.5 km/h). It should be noted that the name of <u><em>"barrier"</em></u> was given because it was previously considered a physical limit that prevented large aircrafts from traveling at supersonic speed (a situation that was evident in fighter planes during World War II, having problems with compressibility when flying at high speeds). However, <u>today many planes are capable of overcoming that barrier without problems.
<u>When the Sound barrier is broken
When an airplane approaches the speed of sound (defined in the upper lines), <u>it can be observed how the shape of the air that flows around it changes, because the wave fronts are grouping more and more.
Then, when the plane exceeds the speed of sound (the sound barrier), something known as sonic boom or sonic explosion occurs, which is nothing more than what our ears can hear when the shock wave caused by the plane exceeds the speed of sound.
It should be noted that this explosion can be annoying to the human ear.