Answer:

1. Volume of the glass shell (Vg) is simply volume of the empty part of the jar (Ve) subtracted from volume of the entire jar (Vj):

Vg = Vj - Ve

Volume is calculated as base (B) multiplied with height (h). Base of the jar is circle, so its surface is πr^2 (r being the radius).

However radius is different depending on the part of the jar; for empty part of the jar, inner radius is d = 3 in, for the whole jar it is inner radius plus thickness of the glass a = 3 + 3/16 = 3.1875 in.

We are also given height of the whole jar, h = 6 in, but height of the empty part is entire height minus thickness of the jar h' = 6 - 0.1875 = 5.8125 in.

Now, let's calculate:

Vj = πa^2 • h = 191.42 in^3

Ve = πd^2 • h' = 164.26 in^3

So, volume of the glass shell is Vj - Ve which is 27.16 in^3.

2. Mass of the glass jar is density of the glass multiplied with volume:

m = ρ • Vg

Density of the glass is given here in cubic feet so, first, we need to convert it to cubic inches, dividing it by 1728:

ρ = 165 lb/ft^3 / 1728 = 0.095 lb/in^3

So, mass of the jar is:

m = 0.095 lb/in^3 • 27.16 in^3 = 2.59 lb

5. To find weight and volume of the water displaced we first need to find how deep the jar sinks (H), because volume of the displaced water is equal to the volume of the jar submerged. Jar will sink until gravity force (pulling it down) and buoyancy force (pushing it up) become equal. Displaced water is πa^2 • H and the buoyancy is ρw • g • Vd (ρw is density of water which is 62.5 lb/ft^3 / 1728 = 0.036 lb/in^3, and Vd is displaced water).

So, buoyancy is:

B = ρw • g • πa^2 • H

We said that buoyancy must be equal to gravity:

B = m • g (m being mass of the jar). So:

ρw • g πa^2 • H = m • g

ρw • πa^2 • H = m

From this, we can find H:

H = m / ρw•πa^2

H = 2.25 inches

That means that the jar will sink 2.25 inches in the water.

3. Now, it's easy to find volume of displaced water. It's the same as the volume of the jar submerged:

Vd = πa^2 • H

Vd = 71.94 in^3

4. And finally, the weight of water is:

m = ρw • Vd

m = 0.036 lb/in^3 • 71.94 in^3

m = 2.59 lb

Of course, we see that the mass of the jar equals the mass of the displaced water. Taking this as a rule, this question could have been solved easier However I wanted to do it more detailed, to explain it more clearly